(This document was updated 4 January 2018.)


Sample APIF2018 Student Title Page



The title of my paper. (Put important words first and limit it to less than 8 words.)

Abstract: (Please limit to 250 words-Do not indent your abstract’s single paragraph.) The first sentence is not indented. Each abstract should contain no more than 250 words and be structured so that the first part tells the reader about the importance of your topic, the second part explains how the research was conducted and the sample details. Also, tell which tools you used such as AMOS, LISREL, etc. and their version numbers. Do not use other abbreviations if possible. Finally, discuss the results of your findings in simple and clear terms that an administrator, teacher, government official, etc., can understand. Please refrain from using long strings of numbers or equations that few understand.

Keywords: (Please a maximum of five keywords/phrases in alphabetical order. Do not use the same words from the paper title. Use commas between words.)

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), entrepreneur, Mutual Recognition Agreement (MRA), organizational performance, structural equation model (SEM)


APA version 6 deleted the requirement for the heading IntroductionTry to relate your topic's introduction to an international audience. Please remember that international readers are not familiar with ideas and places which are commonly known to Thais. Examples include; Eastern Seaboard, Chiang Mai, Isan, etc. When using these ideas, explain where or what they are, and their significance to your study.

Statement of the Problem

(The problem statement is a single paragraph where the author details the reasons for the research. The following is an example taken from Sage Open.)

Brain drain in Kenya is increasing (GENERAL PROBLEM). Every year about 50 professionals migrate abroad due to unsatisfactory working conditions (SPECIFIC PROBLEM WITH NUMBERS and supported with a citation). This brain drain is different from previous shortages, because it involves not only fresh graduates but also seasoned professionals (quote). This crisis in the professionals’ industry requires innovative solutions. One innovative solution may be a less structured leadership style, such as steward leadership (quote). This qualitative case study (DESCRIPTION OF STUDY TYPE) will explore perceptions of professionals in Kenya (POPULATION BEING STUDIED) about steward leadership as a strategy to alleviate or reduce factors contributing to the brain drain among professionals in the lake basin region (GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION OF STUDY) The data to be gathered in this study may provide leaders with information relating to how they may address or mitigate factors contributing to the current brain drain.

Literature Review

A good literature review details the theory of for your selection of the latent and observed variables. If you have four latent variables, the literature review should have four sub-headings matching those variables with the discussion about the observed variables under the latent variable. Also, although it is not required, placing your developed hypotheses within each section of the literature review where the relationships are discussed is also considered a good technique.

Sub-heading latent variable 1

(Please note there is no space between the heading and the following paragraph.)

The relationship between service quality and customer satisfaction has received enormous attention from the researchers. Many authors who studied the relationship between perceived service quality and customer satisfaction ……Therefore, the following working hypothesis is proposed:

H1: Perceived service quality has a positive and significant impact on customer satisfaction. (Please place your hypothesis in italics.)

Sub-heading latent variable 2

(Please note there is no space between the heading and the following paragraph.)

H1: xxxx has a positive and significant impact xxxxx.

(Please place your hypothesis in italics.)

Sub-heading latent variable 3

(Please note there is no space between the heading and the following paragraph.)

H2: xxx xxxx has a positive and significant impact on xxx.
Please place your hypothesis in italics.)

H3: xxxxx has a positive and significant impact on xxxx.

(Please place your hypothesis in italics.)

Sub-heading latent variable 4

(Please note there is no space between the heading and the following paragraph.)

H4: xxxxx has a positive and significant impact on xxxx.

(Please place your hypothesis in italics.)

H5: xxxxx has a positive and significant impact on xxxx.

(Please place your hypothesis in italics.)

Methodology (or Methods)

Participants or Respondents (Section heading)

Participants 1 (Sub-section heading)

Participants 2 (Sub-section heading)

Data Collection

A good paper will have a detailed description of the sample population. Normally, 200-400 individuals are considered a good sample. Less than 200 cases will raise many issues with reviewers and editors. More than 400 cases is usually not statistically significant. Many researchers also provide a table with their paper showing the breakout of their sample which includes such things as age, gender, income, education, profession, etc. More is better in this section. Also, detailing how and where the research was conducted is also necessary. How many questionnaires were collected and after an audit, how many were rejected and why. Saying that your sample is 500 managers with no detail about how or where or when you collected the questionnaires assures a 100% rejection.

Data Analysis

Results (or Results and Discussion)

Results should be clear and concise.

Below is an example of a figure. Figures should be centered on a page and labeled below the figure. As with tables, figures should also be mentioned in the text before the figure appears.


Figure 2. CFA of the xxxxxxxx. (no capital letter use.)

Note: X2 = 34.55, df = 49, p value = 0.94, RMSEA = 0.0000

Table 2 is an example of a table. The title should be 12 points and the table text 10 points. The only lines in a table are below the title and at the bottom. There are no vertical lines or horizontal lines in the table, except to show the heading of the columns. Make sure all tables are discussed in the body of your manuscript before the table appears. Tables cannot be screen captures and must be editable.

Each table should be identified by a number, in the order that they appear in the text (e.g., Table 1, Table 2, etc.). When using a table, you need to refer to the table in the text (e.g., “As shown in Table 1,…”) and point out to the reader what they should be looking for in the table. Do not discuss every piece of data that is in the table or else there is no point in having the table. Only mention the most important pieces of information from the table. The table should also make sense on its own. Be sure to explain all abbreviations below the table by using a Note. Don’t forget to identify the unit of measurement. Do not waste space when creating tables. Table 2 is a good example of how theory is merged with criteria and the paper’s results.

Table 2

Criteria and Theory of the Values of Goodness-of-Fit Appraisal

Discussion (or Results and Discussion)

This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature. The concluding comments should not be a summary of the method and the study as the Abstract provides this. The final paragraph of the paper should identify important outcomes and their implication for the area of study or recommendations for further research.

Conclusion and Recommendations

More than a page is probably too long for this section.


Collate acknowledgments in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing materials, laboratory equipment, writing assistance or proofreading the article, etc.).

Declaration of Conflicting Interests 

The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

Creative Commons License
All works licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the Asian International Journal of Social Sciences (AIJSS) Open Access page.


(References start on a separate page and are in alphabetical order by the author’s last name. First names are not used, only the author’s initials, which have a space between each letter. Please note the titles of the journal articles are in lower case except for proper nouns and the first word of the title or after a colon.)

Sample for a journal article with one author

Ghorban, Z. S. (2012). Brand attitude, its antecedents and consequences: Investigation into smartphone brands in Malaysia. IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSRJBM), 2(3), 31 – 35. http://dx.doi.org/10.9790/487X-0233135

Sample for a journal article with two authors

Tavakol, M.. & Dennick, R. (2011). Making sense of Cronbach’s alpha. International Journal of Medical Education, 2, 53 – 55. http://dx.doi.org/10.5116/ijme.4dfb.8dfd

Sample for a journal article with three to five authors

Jang, Y. J., Kim, W. G., & Bonn, M. A. (2011). Generation Y consumers’ selection attributes and behavioural intentions concerning green restaurants. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 30(4), 803 – 811.

Sample for a research report

Theerasasawat, S. (1993). Reports of research on the economic, social and cultural development of the North-Isan and Middle-Isan of the Northeast region, Thailand: before and after the development of the national economic development plan. (Research report). Khon Kaen, Thailand: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Khon Kaen University.

Sample for a company report

Malee (2013) Behind the well-being of Thai people, Annual report 2013 of Malee Public Company Limited. Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/gwzgb3t

Sample of a government report

Office of the National Economic and Social Development Board. (2016). 12th national economic and social development plan, 2017-2021 (Thailand). Bangkok, Thailand: Office of the Prime Minister. Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/jfgzyg6

Samples for a chapter in a book which also list the edition number 

Mehay, R. (2012). Chapter 10: Five pearls of educational theory. In R. Mehay (Ed.), The essential handbook for GP training and education (1st ed.). London, UK: Radcliffe Publishing. Retrieved from tinyurl.com

PLEASE NOTE: When a book is published outside the USA, you must identify both the city and country, such as 'London, UK:' However, when a book is published in the USA, you identify by 'city, state', such as 'New York, NY:'

Ullman, J. B. (2001). Structural equation modeling. In B. G. Tabachnick & L. S. Fidell (Eds.). Using Multivariate Statistics (4th ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Sample for a conference paper

Jahnkassim, P. S., & Ip, K. (2006, September). Linking bioclimatic theory and environmental performance in its climatic and cultural context – an analysis into the tropical high rises of Ken Yeang. Paper presented at 23rd International Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture, Geneva Switzerland.

Samples for an online newspaper article with an author (Please note that in an APA reference for an online newspaper article that the year, month, and date are used.

Fredrickson, T. (2012, January 5). Plans for a commuter-friendly. Bangkok Post. Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/oz4agl9

Van, B. (2016, January 9). Young, educated, unemployed: Vietnamese graduates struggle to find jobs. Thanh Nien News. Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/gmh4vt4

Sample for an online newspaper article with no author

Govt designs 20-year plan to churn out more researchers (2016, August 20). Bangkok Post. Retrieved from http://www.bangkokpost.com/print/1066292/

Links to online resources are encouraged when possible. Verify that all citations have references and all references have a citation. All references will be verified as part of the technical editing process. Also, please remember that the APIF2018 conference, APSSR, and AIJSS are international, English language events and publications, so links to English language documents are required. If you have any comments or questions about this document, please contact msmontanakmitl@gmail.com. Thank you!


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